Today, more than 68 million people — nearly one out of every 100 people — have been forced from their homes, often fleeing with only the items on their backs. The circumstances that cause these individuals and families to leave everything behind include war, persecution, extreme violence and terror. The result is the greatest humanitarian crisis of our lifetime.
Refugee Action Fund seeks to support all forcibly displaced people, including refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced people.
- A refugee is someone who has been forced to flee his or her country because of persecution, war or violence. A refugee has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group. Most likely, they cannot return home or are afraid to do so. War and ethnic, tribal and religious violence are leading causes of refugees fleeing their countries.
- Asylum seekers have fled their homes as refugees do, but their claim to refugee status is not yet definitively evaluated in the country to which they fled.
- Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are people who have not crossed an international border but have moved to a different region than the one they call home within their own country.